Here is The Heritage Foundation's (a conservative think tank instrumental in developing Trumps cabinet) recommendation to the Trump Administration for ATC. They call for full, for profit privatization and open competition (meaning multiple ATC companies running the NAS). A far cry from NavCanada or even the non-profit quasi govt corporation offered up by Schuster last year. Privatize Air Trafc Control. The federal government is still heavily involved in the aviation industry even after air carrier deregulation was undertaken in the late 1970s. The FAA’s financial vehicle, the Airport and Airway Trust Fund, collects roughly $14 billion in aviation taxes annually, pri- marily from taxes on commercial passengers.14 Fed- eral taxes and fees comprise 13.7 percent of the cost of a domestic ticket (excluding federal fuel taxes).15 The FAA expends these taxes primarily on operations and capital costs of Air Trafc Control, which is operated by the FAA’s Air Trafc Organization (ATO). The U.S.’s experience with government-run Air Trafc Control has proven to be problematic. Government bureaucracy has led to an ATO that is slow to react, mired in red tape, and managed by Congress when it should be run like an advanced business. Billions of dollars have been spent on technology modernization eforts (known as the Next Generation Air Transportation system, or NextGen) to no avail, and the ATO struggles with basic business functions such as hiring employees, investing in capital improvements, and improving efciency in its current structure.16 Instead of maintaining Air Trafc Control as a government entity, the proposal fully privatizes air trafc control to bring private sector flexibility and efciency to the essential service. This new private entity would be wholly separated from the federal government and subject to competitors, with an explicit specification that it would not receive tax-payer assistance under any circumstance. Free from bureaucratic shackles, the private air trafc control provider would then be able to issue bonds, pursue management reforms, and collect its own revenues, allowing it to modernize efectively and benefit the whole aviation industry.